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Chemotherapy Drugs: ABVD

ABVD

Discover out what ABVD is, how you’ve gotten it and different essential details about having ABVD.

ABVD is the title of a chemotherapy mixture. It consists of the medicine:

  • A – doxorubicin (Adriamycin)
  • B – bleomycin
  • V – vinblastine
  • D – dacarbazine (DTIC)

It’s a treatment for Hodgkin lymphoma.

How you could have it

You’ve got ABVD into your bloodstream (intravenously).

Medication into your bloodstream

You’ve gotten the treatment via a drip into your arm. A nurse places a small tube (a cannula) into one among your veins and connects the drip to it.

You would possibly want a central line. It is a lengthy plastic tube that offers the medicine into a big vein, both in your chest or by way of a vein in your arm. It stays in when you’re having treatment, which can be for a number of months.

When you’ve it

You may have ABVD chemotherapy as cycles of treatment, every lasting four weeks (28 days). You may need between 2 and eight cycles, taking 2 to eight months in complete.

You have got:

  • doxorubicin as an injection into your bloodstream (intravenously) twice every cycle
  • bleomycin as a drip into your bloodstream twice every cycle
  • vinblastine as a drip into your bloodstream twice every cycle
  • dacarbazine as a drip into your bloodstream twice every cycle
Day 1
  • doxorubicin as an injection into your bloodstream (intravenously)
  • bleomycin as a drip into your bloodstream over 30 minutes
  • vinblastine as a drip into your bloodstream over 5 minutes
  • dacarbazine as a drip into your bloodstream over 30 minutes

You then have a 2 week break.

Day 15
  • You’ve one other dose of the identical four medication as above

You may have one other 2 week break. This completes one cycle of treatment.

Exams throughout treatment

You’ve blood exams earlier than beginning treatment and through your treatment. They verify your ranges of blood cells and different substances within the blood. In addition they test how nicely your liver and kidneys are working.

Negative effects

Vital info

Different medicines, foods and drinks

Cancer medicine can work together with another medicines and natural merchandise. Inform your physician or pharmacist about any medicines you take. This consists of nutritional vitamins, natural dietary supplements and over-the-counter treatments.

Being pregnant and contraception

This treatment would possibly hurt a child creating within the womb. It is necessary to not change into pregnant or father a toddler when you are having treatment and for just a few months afterwards. Discuss to your physician or nurse about efficient contraception earlier than beginning treatment.

Fertility

You could not have the ability to turn into pregnant or father a toddler after treatment with these medication. Discuss to your physician earlier than beginning treatment if you happen to suppose it’s possible you’ll wish to have a child sooner or later. Males could possibly retailer sperm earlier than beginning treatment. Girls could possibly retailer eggs or ovarian tissue however that is uncommon.

Breastfeeding

Don’t breastfeed throughout this treatment as a result of the medicine might come by in your breast milk.

Treatment for different situations

At all times inform different docs, nurses, pharmacists or dentists that you simply’re having this treatment when you want treatment for the rest, together with tooth issues.

Immunisations

Don’t have immunisations with stay vaccines when you’re having treatment and for at the very least 6 months afterwards.

Within the UK, dwell vaccines embody rubella, mumps, measles, BCG, yellow fever and shingles vaccine (Zostavax).

You possibly can:

  • produce other vaccines, however they won’t offer you as a lot safety as regular
  • have the flu vaccine
  • keep up a correspondence with different individuals who’ve had reside vaccines as injections

Keep away from contact with individuals who’ve had stay vaccines taken by mouth (oral vaccines). This consists of the rotavirus vaccine given to infants. The virus is within the child’s urine for as much as 2 weeks and might make you ailing. So, keep away from altering their nappies for two weeks after their vaccination if attainable. Or put on disposable gloves and wash your palms effectively afterwards.

You additionally must keep away from anybody who has had oral polio or typhoid vaccination just lately.

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