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Chemotherapy Drugs: AC


Discover out what AC is, how you may have it and different vital details about having AC.

AC is the identify of a chemotherapy mixture. It contains the medication:

  • A – adriamycin (doxorubicin)
  • C – cyclophosphamide

It’s a treatment for breast cancer.

The way it works

These chemotherapy medication destroy rapidly dividing cells, reminiscent of cancer cells.

How you might have it

You will have AC into your bloodstream (intravenously).

You could have the treatment by a drip into your arm. A nurse places a small tube (a cannula) into one among your veins and connects the drip to it.

You would possibly want a central line. It is a lengthy plastic tube that offers the medicine into a big vein, both in your chest or by way of a vein in your arm. It stays in when you’re having treatment, which can be for a couple of months.

When you’ve got it

You often have AC chemotherapy as cycles of treatment. Every cycle lasts three weeks (21 days). A traditional course of treatment consists of four to six cycles in complete.

Exams throughout treatment

You will have blood checks earlier than beginning treatment and through your treatment. They test your ranges of blood cells and different substances within the blood. In addition they verify how nicely your liver and kidneys are working.

Uncomfortable side effects

Necessary data

Different medicines, food and drinks

Cancer medicine can work together with another medicines and natural merchandise. Inform your physician or pharmacist about any medicines you take. This contains nutritional vitamins, natural dietary supplements and over-the-counter treatments.

Being pregnant and contraception

This treatment would possibly hurt a child growing within the womb. It is necessary to not grow to be pregnant or father a toddler while you’re having treatment and for a number of months afterwards. Discuss to your physician or nurse about efficient contraception earlier than beginning treatment.


You might not have the ability to turn into pregnant or father a toddler after treatment with this drug. Discuss to your physician earlier than beginning treatment in case you assume chances are you’ll wish to have a child sooner or later. Males could possibly retailer sperm earlier than beginning treatment. Girls could possibly retailer eggs or ovarian tissue however that is uncommon.


Don’t breastfeed throughout this treatment as a result of the medication could come by in your breast milk.

Treatment for different situations

All the time inform different medical doctors, nurses, pharmacists or dentists that you simply’re having this treatment in the event you want treatment for anything, together with enamel issues.


Don’t have immunisations with reside vaccines when you’re having treatment and for a minimum of 6 months afterwards.

Within the UK, reside vaccines embrace rubella, mumps, measles, BCG, yellow fever and shingles vaccine (Zostavax).

You possibly can:

  • produce other vaccines, however they won’t provide you with as a lot safety as typical
  • have the flu vaccine
  • keep up a correspondence with different individuals who’ve had reside vaccines as injections

Keep away from contact with individuals who’ve had stay vaccines taken by mouth (oral vaccines). This consists of the rotavirus vaccine given to infants. The virus is within the child’s urine for as much as 2 weeks and may make you ailing. So, keep away from altering their nappies for two weeks after their vaccination if potential. Or put on disposable gloves and wash your fingers nicely afterwards.

You additionally have to keep away from anybody who has had oral polio or typhoid vaccination lately.

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